Open Conference Systems, 50th Scientific meeting of the Italian Statistical Society

Font Size: 
Assessing the performances of the MEIM, EIS and FESM scales to measure ethnic identity: a case study
Antonino Mario Oliveri, Gabriella Polizzi

Last modified: 2018-06-20


Measuring the ethnic identity of linguistic minorities is a research problem that can be tackled starting from a clear operational definition of the construct, which must first be distinguished from similar and partially overlapping constructs, such as national identity or cultural identity. This paper presents the performances of some scales widely used in literature, analyzed through research conducted in 2016 in the Arbëreshe Municipalities of Piana degli Albanesi and Santa Cristina Gela (province of Palermo). The MEIM and FESM scales showed high internal consistency and overall reliability, while the EIS scale proved to be weaker.


  1. Berry, J. W.: Acculturation: Living successfully in two cultures. Int J Intercult Rel 29, 697–712 (2005).

  2. Berthoud, R., Modood, T., Smith, P.: Introduction. In: Modood, T., Berthoud, R., Lakey, J., Nazroo, J., Smith, P., Virdee, S., Beishon, S. (eds.) Ethnic Minorities in Britain Diversity and Disadvantage, pp. 1-18. Policy Studies Institute, London (1997).

  3. Blumer, M.: The ethnic group question in the 1991 Census of Population. In: Coleman D., Salt J. Ethnicity in the 1991 Census, pp. 33-62. The Stationery Office, London (1996).

  4. Constant, A., Zimmermann, K.F.: Measuring Ethnic Identity and Its Impact on Economic Behavior. IZA Discussion paper, 3063, 1-23 (2007).

  5. Phinney, J.S., Ong, A.D.: Conceptualization and Measurement of Ethnic Identity: Current Status and Future Directions. J Couns Psychol, 54(3), 271-281 (2007).

  6. Umaña-Taylor, A.J., Yazedjian, A., Bámaca-Gómez, M.: Developing the Ethnic Identity Scale Using Eriksonian and Social Identity Perspectives. Id Int J Th Res, 4(1), 9-38 (2004).

  7. Umaña-Taylor, A.J., Fine, M.A.: Methodological implications of grouping Latino adolescents into one collective ethnic group. Hispanic J Behav Sci, 23, 347-362 (2001).

Full Text: PDF