Open Conference Systems, 50th Scientific meeting of the Italian Statistical Society

Font Size: 
Short and medium term labour market returns of college graduates with a migration background
Jim Allen, Barbara Belfi, Babs Jacobs, Mark Levels, Kars van Oosterhout

Last modified: 2018-05-17


The participation of minorities in Dutch higher education has increased steadily in recent decades, but their short-term labour market returns continue to lag behind those of Dutch graduates. Less is known about the longer-term returns. In this paper we aim to shed light on this question using a longitudinal dataset on Dutch HBO graduates who left education in 2007, 2009, 2010 or 2011, surveyed one year after graduation, and again in 2015 (respectively eight, six, five and four years after graduation). We analyse the effect of migration background on short and medium term returns to education, controlling for gender, socio-economic status, prior education, average grades, and age, and assessing the potential mediating effects of field of study, job preferences and self-reported usefulness of social networks.


Ballarino, G., & Bratti, M. (2009). Field of study and university graduates' early employment outcomes in Italy during 1995–2004. Labour, 23(3), 421-457.

Bowles, S., Gintis, H., & Osborne, M. (2001). The determinants of earnings: A behavioral approach. Journal of economic literature, 39(4), 1137-1176.

Cross, J. L. M., & Lin, N. (2008). Access to social capital and status attainment in the United States: Racial/ethnic and gender differences. Social capital: An international research program, 364-379.

Finnie, R., & Frenette, M. (2003). Earning differences by major field of study: evidence from three cohorts of recent Canadian graduates. Economics of education review, 22(2), 179-192.

Granovetter, M. (1995). Getting a job: A study of contacts and careers. University of Chicago press.

Hilmer, M. J., & Hilmer, C. E. (2012). On the relationship between student tastes and motivations, higher education decisions, and annual earnings. Economics of Education Review, 31(1), 66-75.

Lin, N. (1999). Social networks and status attainment. Annual review of sociology, 25(1), 467-487.

Nyhus, E. K., & Pons, E. (2005). The effects of personality on earnings. Journal of Economic Psychology, 26(3), 363-384.

ROA (2016). Schoolverlaters tussen onderwijs en arbeidsmarkt 2015. ROA-R-2016/2.

SER (2013). Maak baan voor een nieuwe generatie.

Smith, S. S. (2005). “Don’t put my name on itâ€: Social capital activation and job-finding assistance among the black urban poor. American journal of sociology, 111(1), 1-57.

van Tubergen, F., & Volker, B. (2015). Inequality in access to social capital in the Netherlands. Sociology, 49(3), 521-538.

Full Text: DOC